23 мая 2016 г.

Филидор-4 (книга)


Эластичная структура

1.e4e5 2.d4Nf6  3.Nc3e5 4.Nf3 Nbd7 5.Bc4Be7
6.0-00-0 7.Re1c6 8.a4b6



Довольно часто чёрные предпочитают расположить свои пешки максимально эластично: d6,c6,b6,a6. Разумеется, не столько для красоты, хотя эстетическая составляющая имеет место быть. Идея в том, что соперник постоянно вынужден будет считаться с ударами b6-b5, c6-c5 ,при случае может последовать и d6-d5.
Прежде чем продолжить, напомню, всё сказанное автором не является истиной в последней инстанции. Не исключено, что некоторые специалисты могут придерживаться несколько иной точки зрения, к тому же, на момент вашего ознакомления с содержанием книги могли появиться и новые линии. Стараюсь быть максимально объективным и ориентируюсь на свежайшие партии.
Итак, белые располагают тремя основными планами.

A)   Встречное движение b2-b4
B)   Наступление в центре d4-d5
C)   Сохранение напряжения в центре


A)   Встречное движение b2-b4   

Наиболее конкретная реакция белых одновременно является и, как мне кажется, самой модной. Впервые столкнулся с идеей b2-b4 в поединке последнего тура кругового турнира в Киеве(столица Украины). 

121.Timoshenko, Georg (2534) - Kasparov ,Sergey (2452)
Open Kiev (11), 03.2001

1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 e5 4.Nf3 Nbd7 5.Bc4 Be7 6.0–0 0–0 7.Re1 c6 8.a4 b6 9.Rb1 Familiar idea, but a bit in other version.  Logically, it is more favorable for rook to remain on opened a-file. 9...a6 10.b4 !?


In those years it turned out to be a surprise for the author. 10...b5 11.axb5 cxb5
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Taking by c-pawn also makes sense.  The c-file and diagonal are opened for pressure (b7-e4). [More habitual is 11...axb5 ] 12.Bb3 Bb7 13.Bb2 Qc7 14.h3 Rac8 15.Qd3 Rfe8 16.d5 Natural movement which raises obstacles before black and...white pieces. Both white-squared bishops become “blunt”, the c3-knight is also passive now. 16...Nb6= 17.Nd2
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 George is likely to prepare movement с2-с4. If it had been carried out, then after exchanges on с4 the a6-pawn would have been subject to pressure, and so would have been the whole queenside of Black.

17...Nh5 18.Nd1 Bg5 19.Ne3 Ra8?! Looks artificial [19...h6] 20.g3 [White has certain superiority after the described above. 20.c4 bxc4 21.Ndxc4 Bxe3 22.Nxe3 Nf4 23.Qf1+/= Obviously, the Ukrainian grand master supposed that с2-с4 is inevitable and tried to implement it in the most comfortable way.] 

20...Bc8 21.Kh2 Bd7 Now the bishop has been activated and is working on two flanks. 22.c3 [Already not good 22.c4 bxc4 23.Ndxc4 Bb5 with initiative] 22...Qc8 23.Bd1 Nf6 24.Qf1 a5=/+
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For 4-5 moves literally the estimation has considerably changed from “+/=” to “=/+”. All black pieces are successfully placed whereas in enemy camp one can see some disharmony. 25.Bf3 Na4 26.c4?! Intensifies problems, but there are no good continuations in sight. 26...axb4 27.cxb5 Qb8 28.Be2 Bxe3 29.fxe3 Nc3–+
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 White’s pawn structure is irreparably debilitated which determines objective assessment – Blacks stands technically won. 30.Bxc3 bxc3 31.Nc4 Nxe4 32.Qg2 f5 Natural and strong 

33.Bd3 Nc5 Maybe not the best [33...Nf6!?] 34.Bf1 Ne4 35.Rec1 Rc8 36.Bd3 Ra4! 37.Qe2 Nf6 [Even stronger is 37...Rcxc4 38.Bxc4 Nd2 39.Bd3 Ra2 40.Kh1 e4 41.Bc4 Ra4–+] 38.Rxc3 e4 Unavoidable in time-trouble imperfections [more accurate was 38...Nxd5 ] 39.Bc2 Nxd5 40.Bb3! 
The only right move which makes the opponent find the decision within last 1–2 minutes (it’s the 40th control move). 

40...Nxc3? [40...Kh8] 41.Nxd6+ Kf8 42.Qh5 Looks very horrible. The lonely king is assaulted by almost the whole white army. 42...Ke7 the only move 43.Nxc8+ Qxc8 44.Qf7+ Kd6  Important moment. I have spoiled the position so much that White has better chances. 45.Rc1? [Right is 45.Rb2 continuing pressure] 45...Rb4 46.Rd1+
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Moral attack! 46...Kc7 [I felt I had to act principally but had no energy long variants. 46...Nxd1! 47.Qd5+ Kc7 48.Qc5+ Kb8 49.Qb6+ Qb7 50.Qd8+ Bc8 51.Qd6+ Qc7 52.Qxb4 Nxe3 53.b6 Nf1+ 54.Kg2 Qxg3+ 55.Kxf1 Ba6+ 56.Bc4 e3–+] 

47.Rd2 Qe8 48.Rc2 Qxf7? 


Full exhaustion at the end of the tournament. Grudgingly, I decided to simplify the position. Taking into account the game’s importance, it was a wrong decision, of course. Black fixes transfer into a safe ending with extra pawn. However, it is hardly probable to win. [Much better was 48...Qe5–+ ] 49.Bxf7 [49.Rxc3+ Rc4 50.Rxc4+ Kb6 51.Rc6+ Kxb5 52.Bxf7 Kxc6 with easy draw: h3-h4, Kh2-g2-f2...] 49...Kd6 50.Rxc3 Rb2+ 51.Kg1 Rxb5 52.h4  
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52...Rb1+ 53.Kf2 Rb2+ 54.Kg1 Be6 55.Bxe6 Kxe6 56.Kf1 Rd2 57.Ra3 Rd3 58.Ra6+ Rd6 59.Ra5 g6 60.Ra7 Rd7 61.Ra6+ Kf7 62.Ra5 Kg7 63.h5!
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 Certainly, George operates skilfully and doesn’t allow the black king to pass forward freely (Kg7-h6-h5-g4-f3). 63...Kh6 64.hxg6 hxg6 65.g4! fxg4 66.Re5 And soon draw agreed. 1/2

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